Perform a close textual analysis of

Examining the form of a text can help you develop a starting set of questions in your reading, which then may guide further questions stemming from even closer attention to the specific words the author chooses. Continue to show the text over and over; it's like peeling back the layers of an onion.

Literary analysis is another process of reading and writing. What is its plot. I found a dimpled spider, fat and white The poem starts with something unpleasant: Furthering the speaker's simple "how did this happen," we might ask, is the scene in this poem a manufactured situation.

How to Conduct a 'Close Analysis' of a Media 'Text'

Ultimately, what is this text about. Mark the words that stand out, and perhaps write the questions you have in the margins or on a separate piece of paper. There is no point in considering the dark design that brought together "assorted characters of death and blight" if such an event is too minor, too physically small to be the work of some force unknown.

Frost seems to do something fairly standard in the octave in presenting a situation; however, the turn Frost makes is not to resolution, but to questions and uncertainty.

A paragraph about the octave. Observations So far in our reading of "Design," our questions revolve around disruption: Design surely governs in a poem, however small; does Frost also have a dark design. These lines are almost singsong in meter and it is easy to imagine them set to a radio jingle.

A Short Guide to Close Reading for Literary Analysis

Here follows an excerpt from a brief analysis of "Design" based on the close reading above. Play the tape and look for a commercial that seems to have a lot of layers-- interesting visuals and sound track, memorable words or taglines, multiple messages that call out for exploration.

From three lines alone, we have a number of questions: Are there words that stand out. A white spider sitting on a white flower has killed a white moth.

When you examine the subject of a text, you want to develop some preliminary ideas about the text and make sure you understand its major concerns before you dig deeper. Listen to the sound track.

Well before the volta, Frost makes a "turn" away from nature as a retreat and haven; instead, he unearths its inherent dangers, making nature menacing. The volta offers no resolution for our unsettled expectations.

The specific ways in which you balance these elements will vary, but the scaffolding provided by the text-dependent questions you prepared will likely connect them all. It is also the point at which you turn a critical eye to your earlier questions and observations to find the most compelling points and discard the ones that are a "stretch" or are fascinating but have no clear connection to the text as a whole.

Rather than "disruption," we want to see what kind of disruption, or whether indeed Frost uses disruptions in form and language to communicate something opposite: Of course, if you are reading in a library book, you should keep all your notes on a separate piece of paper.

Developing text-dependent questions and accompanying learning activities: If you are not making marks directly on, in, and beside the text, be sure to note line numbers or even quote portions of the text so you have enough context to remember what you found interesting.

A little background research on form and what different forms can mean makes it easier to figure out why and how the author's choices are important. How is the novel divided. How did this situation arise. It's easy to think of novels and stories as having plots, but sometimes it helps to think of poetry as having a kind of plot as well.

Literary analysis involves examining these components, which allows us to find in small parts of the text clues to help us understand the whole. When you look at a text, observe how the author has arranged it.

What is the effect of picking a word like "tome" instead of "book". Use this discussion to prompt them to develop multiple sets of close reading questions for a text.

These lines are almost singsong in meter and it is easy to imagine them set to a radio jingle. Can we compare a scene in nature to a carefully constructed sonnet. It usually includes very few quotes but many references to the original text. These juxtapositions—a healthy breakfast that is also a potion for dark magic—are borne out when our "fat and white" spider becomes "a snow-drop"—an early spring flower associated with renewal—and the moth as "dead wings carried like a paper kite" 1, 7, 8.

What other juxtapositions might we encounter. In this example, we are looking to determine what kind s of disruption the poem contains or describes.

We will focus on rhyme scheme and stanza structure rather than meter for the purposes of this guide. Already we have a question:.

Close Reading of Literary Texts

The method for this is called "close analysis." To learn to conduct this basic media literacy exercise, try it first yourself; then introduce it to a group or class using tips at the end of this article.

Close textual analysis is an ideal method for novice rhetoricians because it does not require a complex theoretical grounding; the analysis begins tabula rosa—with the textual artifact itself. CTA keeps the text at the center of the analysis and rewards critics who return to the text again and again, “slow[ing] down the action within the.

A Short Guide to Close Reading for Literary Analysis

The process of writing an essay usually begins with the close reading of a text. Of course, the writer's personal experience may occasionally come into the essay, and all essays depend on the writer's own observations and knowledge.

Close Textual Analysis Close Textual Analysis Work in sections: paragraph, page, subject, etc Analyze for intrinsic and extrinsic meaning, Relationship to the rest of the text, Rhetorical devices, Structure and aesthetics.

Close reading is thoughtful, critical analysis of a text that focuses on significant details or patterns in order to develop a deep, precise understanding of the text’s form, craft, meanings, etc. Perform a close textual analysis of advertisement below. What does it imply about gender and/or sexuality?

You should refer concept such as sexualisation, postfeminism and/or stereo type and both consider femininities and masculinities.

Perform a close textual analysis of
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